Let’s dive into the charming universe of the many types of jade succulents. These adorable little plants that somehow manage to bring both zen and style to any plant parent’s collection!

Jade plants, scientifically known as Crassula, are a fascinating group of succulents that have captured the hearts of plant enthusiasts worldwide.

To continue our succulent series, we are sharing the different types of jade succulents.

They each possess unique features and characteristics that make them a great addition to any succulent garden.

Hailing from South Africa, these ornamental plants are not only popular indoor houseplants, but are also revered for their symbolic importance as the “money plant” and “lucky plant” in various cultures. 

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Types of Jade Succulents

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Whether you opt for the classic Common Jade or venture into the realm of unique varieties, the world of jade plants invites you to embrace the joy of cultivating these timeless and symbolic succulents.

Most Popular Types of Jade Plants

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Jade plants, belonging to the genus Crassula, have earned their place as some of the most beloved and enduring succulents.

Their popularity is not only attributed to their ease of care but also to the cultural significance associated with these “good luck” plants.

Here, we’ll delve into the allure of some of the most popular types of jade plants, each with its own unique features and characteristics.

Crassula ovata (Common Jade Plant or Money Plant):

Commonly known as the Money Plant, Crassula ovata is synonymous with good luck and prosperity in many cultures.

Its thick, fleshy leaves, vibrant green color, and tree-like appearance make it a popular houseplant.

During the growing season, typically from early spring to late autumn, this jade plant may surprise its plant parent with delicate pink or white flowers.

Crassula arborescens (Silver Dollar Plant):

With its coin-shaped leaves, Silver Dollar Plant stands out in any succulent collection. Thriving in indirect sunlight, this succulent shrub is resilient and known for its woody stems.

During late winter, clusters of small pink flowers adorn its branches, adding a touch of elegance.

Crassula argentea (Silver Jade Plant or Jade Tree):

Known as the Jade Tree, this variety shares a similar appearance with the common jade plant but has larger, silver-green leaves and a tree-like structure.

It’s an enduring symbol of good luck, especially when placed in the right conditions with well-draining soil.

Crassula capitella (Red Pagoda):

Red Pagoda is admired for its stacked, pagoda-like leaves that turn vibrant red during late autumn and early winter. This variety prefers partial shade and is a slow grower, making it an intriguing addition to indoor succulent gardens.

Crassula ‘Gollum’ (Gollum Jade):

With tubular leaves resembling skinny fingers, Gollum Jade adds a playful touch to succulent arrangements.

Thriving in full sun, it’s a slow grower that demands proper care, rewarding plant parents with a unique appearance and, in some cases, pink or white flowers.

Portulacaria afra (Elephant Bush):

While not a true jade plant, Elephant Bush shares the same resilience and succulent leaves. Often used in feng shui practices, it thrives in dry conditions, with little water and indirect sunlight.

Its small size and ability to endure for a very long time make it a favorite for indoor succulent gardens.

Crassula ovata ‘Golden Jade Tree’:

Golden Jade Tree is a cultivar of Crassula ovata with yellowish leaves, adding a golden hue to the classic green palette.

Its compact size and adaptability to small spaces make it a great choice for both indoor and outdoor succulent displays.

Remember, successful cultivation of these popular jade plants requires the right conditions, proper care, and an understanding of their individual preferences.

As slow growers, these succulents reward patient plant parents with enduring beauty and the promise of good luck in their homes.

Keep an eye on factors like soil type, exposure to direct sunlight, and protection from cold temperatures to ensure the well-being of these cherished plants.

Crassula Jade Plants

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Crassula is a diverse genus of succulent plants, and many of them are commonly referred to as jade plants.

These plants are known for their fleshy, thick leaves and are popular choices for both indoor and outdoor gardens. Here are some notable Crassula jade plants:

Here is a list of Crassula varieties, including both common species and some popular cultivars:

Crassula ovata (Common Jade Plant or Money Plant):

Features thick, oval-shaped leaves often tinged with red along the edges.

Known as the “money plant” or “lucky plant.”

Crassula arborescens (Silver Dollar Jade):

Rounded, silver-blue leaves resembling stacked coins.

Native to Botany Bay in South Africa.

Produces clusters of small, tubular flowers during late winter.

Crassula argentea (Silver Jade Plant or Silver Jade Tree):

Tree-like appearance with thick, silver-green leaves.

Slow grower, reaching the size of a small tree over time.

Crassula capitella (Red Pagoda):

Stacked, pagoda-like leaves that turn vibrant red at the tips during late autumn and early winter.

Prefers partial shade and propagates easily through stem cuttings.

Crassula ‘Gollum’ (Gollum Jade or Hobbit Jade):

Tubular, finger-like leaves with red tips.

Thrives in full sun and is a slow grower.

Crassula ‘Hummel’s Sunset’:

Cultivar of Crassula ovata with vibrant sunset-like hues.

Leaves display shades of yellow, orange, and red, intensifying in bright light.

Crassula ‘Blue Bird’:

Variety of Crassula arborescens with blue-gray foliage.

Retains stacked, coin-shaped leaves typical of silver dollar jades.

Prefers full sun.

Crassula ‘Buddha’s Temple’:

Unique jade plant variety with stacked, pagoda-like leaves.

Leaves resemble the tiered roofs of temples.

Crassula ovata ‘Minima’ (Miniature Jade Plant):

Compact and smaller version of the common jade plant.

Retains classic jade plant appearance in a diminutive size.

Crassula ovata ‘Hummel’s Ghost’:

Ghostly silver-gray leaves that stand out against other green succulents.

Requires bright light conditions and well-draining soil.

Crassula ovata ‘Giant Hobbit’:

Larger version of the popular ‘Hobbit’ jade plant.

Features elongated, tubular leaves with red tips.

Crassula ‘Moonglow’:

Hybrid jade plant with silvery-green leaves that have a subtle, moonlit glow.

Adds a unique coloring to succulent gardens.

Crassula ‘Spring Grove’:

Hybrid jade plant with elongated, pointed leaves that develop a reddish tint.

Slender leaves add a touch of sophistication to succulent displays.

Crassula ovata ‘Crosby’s Dwarf’:

Dwarf jade plant with small, round leaves and a tidy growth habit.

Ideal for small containers, terrariums, or succulent arrangements.

Crassula ovata ‘Ladyfingers’:

Features elongated, cylindrical leaves that resemble slender fingers.

Retains classic jade plant characteristics.

Crassula ovata ‘Grosvenor’:

Compact growth with tightly clustered, glossy leaves.

Well-suited for windowsills or smaller spaces.

Crassula ovata ‘Hercules’:

Robust and upright jade plant with thick, sturdy stems and large, oval-shaped leaves.

Well-suited for those who appreciate a more substantial size and structure.

Crassula ‘Calico Kitten’:

This cultivar features trailing stems with small, variegated leaves in shades of green, cream, and pink. Its compact and cascading growth habit makes it an excellent choice for hanging baskets or as ground cover.

Crassula perforata (String of Buttons):

Often referred to as the “String of Buttons,” this variety has stacked, button-like leaves along trailing stems. It’s a charming succulent that forms dense clusters and is ideal for hanging planters.

Crassula tetragona (Miniature Pine Tree):

Also known as the “Miniature Pine Tree,” this jade plant has upright, columnar stems with tightly packed, needle-like leaves. Its unique growth habit resembles a tiny pine tree, adding a distinctive touch to succulent arrangements.

Crassula rupestris (Rosary Vine):

The Rosary Vine has trailing stems with cylindrical leaves that resemble beads on a string. It’s a drought-tolerant succulent and is well-suited for hanging containers or as a ground cover.

Crassula mesembryanthemopsis:

This species features compact rosettes of pointed leaves that can take on a reddish hue in bright sunlight. It’s a low-growing succulent that works well in rock gardens or as part of a mixed succulent planting.

Crassula lycopodioides (Watch Chain):

The Watch Chain, also known as “Zipper Plant,” has trailing stems with closely packed, overlapping leaves. The chain-like arrangement of its leaves gives it a unique appearance, making it a popular choice for hanging containers.

Crassula multicava (Fairy Crassula):

Fairy Crassula forms low-growing mats of rosettes with tiny, rounded leaves. It produces delicate clusters of small, star-shaped flowers, adding a whimsical touch to rock gardens or as a ground cover.

Crassula nudicaulis (Adolphi):

Adolphi is characterized by its upright stems with tightly packed, triangular leaves that can take on red or bronze tones in response to sunlight. It’s a hardy and drought-tolerant succulent.

Crassula muscosa (Watch Chain or Princess Pine):

This succulent, also known as the “Watch Chain” or “Princess Pine,” has cylindrical, stacked leaves that resemble a chain. It’s a low-maintenance plant with a unique texture, making it a great addition to succulent arrangements.

Crassula marnieriana (Jade Necklace or String of Buttons):

Similar to String of Buttons, Jade Necklace has trailing stems with small, button-like leaves. It’s an ideal choice for hanging baskets or cascading over container edges.

Crassula ‘Morgan’s Beauty’:

This cultivar features tightly packed, overlapping leaves in a rosette form. Its leaves have a unique purple-red hue, adding a splash of color to your succulent collection.

These jade plants and cultivars offer a diverse range of forms, colors, and sizes, allowing succulent enthusiasts to create captivating and unique displays in their gardens or indoor spaces.

Indoor Jade Plants

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Indoor jade plants are popular choices for houseplants due to their resilience and adaptability to indoor conditions.

Here are some common indoor jade plants that are well-suited for growing inside:

Crassula ovata (Common Jade Plant or Money Plant):

This classic jade plant is well-known for its thick, fleshy leaves and tree-like structure. It’s a popular indoor houseplant and is often associated with good luck and prosperity.

Crassula arborescens (Silver Dollar Plant):

With its coin-shaped leaves and compact growth habit, the Silver Dollar Plant is suitable for indoor environments. It adds a touch of elegance to your indoor succulent collection.

Crassula argentea (Silver Jade Plant or Jade Tree):

The Silver Jade Plant, or Jade Tree, is an attractive indoor option with its tree-like appearance and silver-green leaves. It can be grown in containers and adapts well to indoor conditions.

Crassula ‘Gollum’ (Gollum Jade):

Gollum Jade is a unique jade plant with tubular, finger-like leaves. Its quirky appearance makes it a favorite among succulent enthusiasts, and it can thrive indoors with proper care.

Crassula ‘Hummel’s Sunset’:

‘Hummel’s Sunset’ is a cultivar of Crassula ovata known for its vibrant sunset-like hues. This colorful variety can be grown indoors, provided it receives bright, indirect sunlight.

Crassula ovata ‘Hobbit’ (Hobbit Jade):

Similar to ‘Gollum,’ Hobbit Jade has tubular leaves with red tips. It’s a compact and slow-growing succulent, making it suitable for indoor spaces with adequate sunlight.

Crassula ovata ‘Tricolor’ (Variegated Jade Plant):

Variegated Jade Plants, such as ‘Tricolor,’ feature leaves with a mix of green, cream, and pink colors. These visually striking varieties can be grown indoors, and their unique foliage adds interest to your indoor garden.

Crassula ovata ‘Minima’ (Miniature Jade Plant):

‘Minima’ is a compact and smaller version of the common jade plant. It’s an excellent choice for indoor spaces with limited room, such as windowsills or office desks.

Crassula ‘Calico Kitten’:

‘Calico Kitten’ is a trailing jade plant with variegated leaves in shades of green, cream, and pink. Its cascading growth makes it suitable for hanging baskets or as a trailing element in indoor arrangements.

Crassula mesembryanthemopsis:

This low-growing succulent forms dense rosettes and is well-suited for indoor gardens or containers. Its unique appearance adds character to indoor succulent displays.

Remember, when growing jade plants indoors, provide them with bright, indirect sunlight and well-draining soil.

Allow the soil to dry out between waterings, as jade plants are susceptible to root rot if overwatered.

Additionally, indoor jade plants benefit from occasional exposure to outdoor sunlight to encourage healthy growth.

Jade Plant Care Tips

Jade plants (Crassula spp.) are popular succulents known for their resilience and ability to thrive in various conditions.

Proper care ensures these plants remain healthy and vibrant. Here are some essential tips for jade plant care:

Light:

Jade plants prefer bright, indirect light. Place them near a south or west-facing window where they can receive plenty of sunlight. However, protect them from intense, direct sunlight, especially during the hottest part of the day.

Soil:

Use a well-draining succulent or cactus mix to prevent waterlogged roots. Good drainage is crucial to prevent issues like root rot.

Watering:

Jade plants are drought-tolerant, so allow the top 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cm) of soil to dry out before watering. Overwatering is a common issue and can lead to root rot.

Temperature:

Jade plants prefer average room temperatures between 65-75°F (18-24°C). Protect them from drafts and sudden temperature changes.

They can tolerate cooler temperatures in winter but should be kept above 50°F (10°C). Here are tips for finding the best temp for your succulents.

Humidity:

Jade plants are adapted to arid conditions and do well in low to moderate humidity levels. Avoid placing them in excessively humid environments.

Container:

Use pots with drainage holes to allow excess water to escape. This helps prevent waterlogged soil and root rot.

Fertilizing:

Feed jade plants with a balanced, diluted fertilizer during the growing season (spring and summer).

Reduce or eliminate fertilizer during the fall and winter months when the plant is not actively growing.

Pruning:

If your jade plant becomes leggy or stretches toward the light, you can prune it to encourage a more compact shape. Pinch back the growing tips to promote branching.

Propagation:

Jade plants are easily propagated from stem or leaf cuttings. Allow cuttings to dry for a day or two before planting them in a well-draining mix.

Pest Control:

Keep an eye out for common pests such as mealybugs and aphids. If detected, treat them promptly with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

Water Quality:

 Avoid using cold or hard water. Let tap water sit for a day to allow chlorine to dissipate. Water your jade plant with room temperature water.

Seasonal Adjustments:

Jade plants may enter a period of dormancy in the winter, during which they require less water. Adjust your watering schedule accordingly.

Protect from Cold Drafts:

Jade plants are sensitive to cold drafts. Protect them from chilly air, especially during the winter months.

By following these tips, you can provide the right conditions for your jade plant to thrive.

Regular observation and adjustments to care practices based on the plant’s needs will contribute to a healthy and attractive succulent.

Conclusion

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In wrapping up my exploration of the diverse realm of jade succulents, I’m truly enchanted by the captivating array of choices these plants offer.

From the iconic Crassula ovata, fondly known as the common jade or money plant, to the quirky and unique cultivars like Gollum Jade and Hummel’s Sunset, each type brings its own distinct charm to my succulent collection.

Whether it’s the elegant Silver Dollar Jade or the playful, finger-like leaves of Gollum Jade that capture my attention, these plants not only add a delightful touch of greenery but also carry cultural significance, symbolizing good luck and prosperity.

As these succulents are slow growers that flourish under the right conditions, they’ve become resilient and adaptable companions in both my indoor and outdoor spaces.

Nurturing and cultivating these timeless jade varieties allows me to create vibrant and diverse displays, and I find immense joy in witnessing the enduring beauty these plants bring to my surroundings.

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