Next on our blog series about succulents, we’re answering your burning question, “Can you plant succulents in rocks?”.

When it comes to creating a succulent garden that’s both visually stunning and easy to maintain, many gardeners consider the idea of planting succulents in rocks.

It’s a concept that combines the beauty of succulent plants with the unique textures and colors of various types of rocks.

But can you really plant succulents in rocks, and is it a good idea? Let’s dive into the world of succulent rock gardens and explore the ins and outs of this creative gardening technique.


In this blog post, we will cover choosing the right rocks and placement, answer “can you plant succulents in rocks”, and give other helpful tips.

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Why Choose a Succulent Rock Garden?

Before we get into the nitty-gritty details, let’s understand why planting succulents in rocks is a great choice for your garden.

One of the main reasons planting succulents in a rock garden is the excellent drainage provided by rocks.

Succulent plants despise sitting in waterlogged soil, and the presence of drainage holes or the use of porous rocks can prevent excess water from causing root rot. And, root rot is a common problem in succulent gardens.

Choosing the Right Rocks

Choosing the right rocks for planting succulent gardens is a crucial step in creating a successful and visually appealing succulent rock garden.

The type of rocks you select can influence the drainage, aesthetics, and overall health of your succulent plants. Here’s a deeper look at how to choose the right rocks:

1. Rocks for Good Drainage:

  • Succulents thrive in well-drained soil, and the rocks you choose should promote excellent drainage. Porous rocks or gravel are ideal for this purpose.

  • Some suitable options include:
    • River Rocks: These smooth, rounded rocks come in various sizes and colors, adding a natural look to your succulent garden. Their porous nature facilitates good drainage.
    • Pea Gravel: This small, rounded gravel is excellent for drainage and is easy to work with when creating intricate succulent arrangements.
    • Lava Rock: Lava rock is lightweight, porous, and provides excellent drainage. It’s available in different sizes and can add texture to your garden.

2. Aesthetic Considerations:

  • The choice of rocks also plays a significant role in the aesthetics of your succulent rock garden. Consider the following aspects:
    • Different Colors: Rocks come in a wide range of colors, from earthy tones to vibrant hues. Choose colors that complement your succulent plants and the overall design.
    • Texture: Rocks can be smooth or rough, depending on their origin. Texture adds visual interest to your garden, so mix and match to achieve your desired look.
    • Size Variation: Using rocks of different sizes can create a dynamic and visually appealing contrast in your succulent arrangement.

3. Compatibility with Succulents:

  • Some rocks can affect the pH of the soil. Ensure that the rocks you choose are neutral or slightly alkaline, as most succulents prefer a slightly alkaline soil environment.

  • Avoid using rocks with high levels of minerals that can leach into the soil and harm your succulents. Conduct a pH test on your chosen rocks if you are unsure.

4. Safety and Accessibility:

  • Consider the safety and accessibility of the rocks you select. Ensure that they are not too heavy to handle or pose a risk of injury when arranging or maintaining your succulent garden.

5. Creativity and Personal Preference:

  • Your succulent rock garden is an opportunity for creative expression. Feel free to experiment with different types of rocks and arrangements to reflect your personal style and preferences.

  • You can also use rocks to create paths, borders, or focal points within your succulent garden for added visual interest.

6. Sustainability:

  • If possible, choose rocks that are locally sourced to reduce your environmental footprint. Avoid rocks that may have been obtained illegally or unethically.

7. Compatibility with Outdoor Conditions:

  • If your succulent rock garden is placed outdoors, consider the types of rocks that can withstand exposure to the elements, including rain, wind, and temperature fluctuations.

In summary, choosing the right rocks for planting succulent gardens involves a balance between practical considerations such as drainage and pH compatibility, as well as aesthetic and creative choices.

By carefully selecting rocks that meet these criteria, you can create a beautiful, well-draining, and thriving succulent rock garden that complements your gardening style and enhances the appeal of your outdoor or indoor space.

Can You Plant Succulents in Rocks?


Yes, you can plant succulents in rocks, but it’s important to do so correctly to ensure the health and growth of your succulent plants.

Planting succulents in rocks is often referred to as creating a succulent rock garden or arrangement. 

Creating a Proper Growing Medium

While you might be tempted to plant succulents directly into rocks, that’s not the best idea.

These hardy plants need some organic matter to thrive.

Start by adding a small amount of regular potting soil or a succulent potting mix to the bottom of the container.

This layer of soil will provide your succulents with the necessary nutrients and moisture-retaining properties.

Layering for Success

Layering is a critical aspect when planting succulents in rocks, as it plays a significant role in creating the right environment for these hardy plants to thrive while ensuring proper drainage and preventing issues like root rot.

Let’s dive deeper into the layering process when creating a succulent rock garden:

1. Base Layer: Soil or Succulent Mix

  • Start by adding a base layer of soil or succulent potting mix to the container where you plan to plant your succulents. This layer serves as the foundation for your succulents to establish their roots and access essential nutrients.

  • Use a small amount of regular potting soil or a succulent-specific mix. Succulent potting mixes are well-draining and designed to cater to the needs of succulents.

2. Layer of Coarse Sand: Ensuring Drainage

  • On top of the soil or succulent mix, add a layer of coarse sand. The sand aids in improving drainage, preventing water from pooling around the roots of your succulents.

  • The coarse sand layer also mimics the natural environment of many succulents, which often grow in sandy or rocky terrain.

3. Plant Placement: Positioning Your Succulents

  • Carefully select the succulent plants you want to include in your rock garden and place them on the sandy surface. Ensure there’s enough space between each plant to allow for growth.

  • Position the succulents in a way that complements the arrangement and aesthetics you desire.

4. Top Dressing: Adding Decorative Rocks

  • After placing your succulents, consider adding a top dressing of small rocks, pebbles, or different types of rocks in various colors. This layer serves multiple purposes:
  • Aesthetic Appeal: It enhances the visual appeal of your succulent rock garden, making it more pleasing to the eye.

  • Moisture Retention: The top dressing helps retain moisture in the soil, especially during hot and dry periods.

  • Temperature Regulation: It provides insulation, protecting the soil from extreme temperature fluctuations.

5. Proper Drainage: Key to Succulent Health

  • The layers you’ve created, from the soil base to the top dressing of rocks, collectively provide excellent drainage. This is crucial for succulents because they are highly susceptible to root rot if their roots sit in excess moisture.

  • Water drains through the layers quickly, preventing the soil from becoming waterlogged and ensuring the succulent roots receive just the right amount of moisture.

6. Monitoring and Maintenance: Check for Growth

  • Regularly monitor your succulent rock garden for signs of new growth and health. Succulents should thrive in this well-draining environment, and you’ll notice new leaves, shoots, or flowers emerging.

  • Water your succulents sparingly, allowing the soil to dry out completely between watering sessions. Adjust your watering schedule based on the specific needs of your succulents and the surrounding environment.

In conclusion, the layering process when planting succulents in rocks is a critical step in creating an environment that supports these unique and hardy plants.

By carefully layering soil, coarse sand, succulents, and decorative rocks, you provide good drainage, moisture retention, and an aesthetically pleasing arrangement that can thrive for long periods with minimal maintenance.

Proper layering ensures that your succulent rock garden not only looks beautiful but also fosters the health and growth of your succulent plants.

Top Dressing for Aesthetic Appeal

One of the beauties of succulent rock gardens is their aesthetic appeal.

To enhance this, add a top dressing of small rocks, pebbles, or even different types of rocks in various colors.

This not only adds to the visual appeal but also helps to retain moisture and protect the soil from extreme temperatures.

The Importance of Sunlight

Succulents are sun-loving plants, and they thrive when they receive plenty of sunlight. Ensure that your succulent rock garden is placed in a sunny window or a location that receives full sun.

Sun-loving succulents like jade plants and zebra plants will thank you with vibrant, healthy growth.

Maintenance Made Easy

One of the reasons why planting succulents in rocks is such a good choice is the low maintenance required.

Succulents store water in their fleshy leaves, making them resilient in harsh conditions.

Water drainage is crucial, and you should only water your succulents sparingly.

Allow the soil to dry out completely between watering, which can be as infrequent as once every couple of weeks.


In conclusion, planting succulents in rocks is a great way to create a low-maintenance, visually appealing succulent garden.

By ensuring proper drainage, using the right type of rocks, and providing enough sunlight, you can grow hardy succulents in a variety of rock arrangements for long periods of time.

Whether you opt for glass containers, decorative jars, or outdoor rock gardens, the aesthetic appeal and ease of care make succulent rock gardens a popular choice among succulent growers.

So, if you’re looking for a unique and beautiful addition to your garden or indoor space, consider giving succulent rock gardens a try.

With the right soil mix, proper drainage, and a little bit of creativity, you’ll have a stunning succulent arrangement that can thrive for years to come. Happy succulent gardening!

Before you go, here are more posts you’ll enjoy:

40 Stunning Succulents with Purple Tips

Health Benefits of Drinking Olive Oil in the Morning

50 Backyard Bonfire Ideas

Are Self-Watering Pots Good for Succulents?

The Best Temperature for Succulents

Can You Plant Succulents in Rocks